```
|Range, Number| -> Bool
```

Returns true if the provided number is within the range, and false otherwise.

```
|Range, Range| -> Bool
```

Returns true if the provided range is entirely containd within the range, and false otherwise.

```
(10..20).contains 15
# -> true
(200..=100).contains 100
# -> true
x = 1..10
x.contains -1
# -> false
(10..20).contains 14..18
# -> true
(100..200).contains 50..250
# -> false
```

```
|Range| -> Int
```

Returns the `end`

value of the range.

```
(50..100).end()
# -> 100
(10..0).end()
# -> 0
```

```
|Range, Number| -> Range
```

Returns a copy of the input range which has been 'expanded' in both directions
by the provided amount. For an ascending range this will mean that `start`

will
decrease by the provided amount, while `end`

will increase.

Negative amounts will cause the range to shrink rather than grow.

```
(10..20).expanded 5
# -> 5..25
(10..20).expanded -2
# -> 12..18
(5..-5).expanded 5
# -> 10..-10
(5..-5).expanded -5
# -> 0..0
(5..-5).expanded -10
# -> -5..5
```

```
|Range, Range| -> Range
```

Returns a range representing the intersectin region of the two input ranges.

If there is no intersecting region then `null`

is returned.

```
(10..20).intersection 5..15
# -> 10..15
(100..200).intersection 250..=150
# -> 150..200
(0..10).intersection 90..99
# -> null
```

```
|Range| -> Bool
```

Returns true if the range has a defined end which is inclusive.

```
(10..20).is_inclusive()
# -> false
(1..=10).is_inclusive()
# -> true
(100..).is_inclusive()
# -> false
```

```
|Range| -> Int
```

Returns the `start`

value of the range.

```
(50..100).start()
# -> 50
(10..0).start()
# -> 10
```

```
|Range, Number| -> Range
```

Returns the union of the range and a provided number.

If the number falls outside of the range then the resulting range will be expanded to include the number.

```
|Range, Range| -> Range
```

Returns the union of two ranges.

The resulting range will encompass all values that are contained in the two ranges, and any values that lie between them.

```
(0..10).union 5
# -> 0..10
(0..10).union 99
# -> 0..100
a = 10..20
b = 40..50
a.union b
# -> 10..50
```